Effects of computer literacy, motivation and self-efficacy on learning success in computer assisted instruction: Investigation of the variables with study duration
Control variables have an important role in educational work where the computer is used as an instructional material. The main purpose of this paper is to determine the importance of control variables in research dealing with computer use in education and to present the effects of these variables, if any, on the results. In line with this purpose, the study examines (considering the duration of the study) the effects of the level of computer literacy, motivation, and the level of self-efficacy on academic achievement. The participants were 117 seventh-graders. Results revealed that when the computer is used as an instructional material, the level of computer literacy and motivation towards the material first had a significant effect on academic achievement but this effect decreased shortly thereafter. Moreover, differences were detected in findings when these variables were considered as control variables. The results also revealed that self-efficacy had a significant effect on academic achievement but there were no data indicating that this variable should be specified as a control variable.
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